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Alexandrite: Mineral Information Page

A rare color-change variety of the mineral CHRYSOBERYL

Alexandrite Gemstones

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Alexandrite Rings

Chrysoberyl (BeAl2O4) is a rare oxide mineral. It most often occurs in shades of yellow to green to brown.

There are two very rare varieties of chrysoberyl, the color change chrysoberyl variety known as alexandrite and the chatoyant cymophane (cats eye chrysoberyl), which are highly prized as gemstones owing to their unique optical properties.

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Alexandrite is a very rare mineral variety of chrysoberyl (BeAl2O4), which occurs in granitic pegmatites and mica schists. Small scale replacement in chrysoberyl of alumina by chromic oxide results in the formation of the variety alexandrite and is responsible for alexandrite's characteristic green to red color change.

Alexandrite Earrings Alexandrite Earrings

Alexandrite is characterized by its high hardness and specific gravity and its color change in daylight versus incandescent light. Some well formed crystals can be recognized as chrysoberyl by their characteristic twinning.

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Alexandrite Necklaces

Alexandrite was first discovered in 1831 in an emerald mining region of the Ural Mountains in the Soviet Union. It is said to have been first discovered on the day that the Russian czar Alexander II came of age. Thus it was named "alexandrite" in his honor by the mineralogist Nordenskjold. It is an interesting coincidence that the Russian national colors are green and red.

Alexandrite is used as a gemstone. Faceted alexandrite gems with good color change are considered very valuable, even when visible inclusions are present.

The astrological sign of alexandrite is scorpio.
The traditional birthstone gift for the month of June is natural alexandrite earrings or jewelry.
Natural alexandrite is the symbolic gemstone for the 45th wedding anniversary.

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Alexandrite Jewelry Alexandrite Jewelry Wearing a natural alexandrite necklace or other natural alexandrite jewelry is said to help balance one's emotional state, to provide confidence, to increase self-esteem and to help bring about change. Using natural alexandrite jewelry such as alexandrite rings or alexandrite earrings is also said to bring happiness and success, and to intensify feelings of love and sensuality.

Alexandrite is said to be usefull to help treat pancreatic disorders, swollen lymph nodes and ailments of the spleen, as well as in the treatment of afflictions occurring with leukemia.

For more in-depth metaphysical information, see our Metaphysical Books section.

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Last Updated: March 1st, 2023
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